The first thing you may want to do is check out “How to Prune Orchids” to make sure your plant is ready to be repotted. You can repot your orchids if they have flowers on them, but there is a greater chance of damaging those flowers or stressing the plant out.
A lot of orchids are potted in clear pots, so that makes it much easier to see when they need repotted.
So when do orchids need repotted?
Check out the plants roots – what color are they?
If they’re green & growing uninhibited, then leave it be.
But if you notice that the roots are starting to circle, then you should repot it. If the roots are brown, then you need to repot it.
So how do I repot my orchid?
- With one hand holding the pot, put your other hand around the foliage, ready to tip the pot over.
- Tip the pot over, dumping the root system out & catching the plant in your hand.
- Begin to “tease” the roots out. They may be bound up in the bottom of the pot, or may have grown to fit the pot. Don’t be afraid to pull the media from the roots – you may even remove some dead roots in the process.
- Remove dead roots. If the roots are brown, you may be able to strip the root covering – called velamen – away from the roots, leaving an uncovered root that may still help the plant uptake water & nutrients.
- Be gentle, but don’t be afraid to hurt the plant. Cutting away dead or decaying roots will aid in the growth process in the long-term.
- Once you get the roots tidied up, it’s time to repot. If it will fit, you can reuse the original pot, but you may want to shift your plant up to a larger pot to accommodate new root growth.
- Place the roots inside the pot & begin filling the pot with a well-draining media mix. You can either get a media specifically for orchids, but if you can’t find any, a bark mix would be a great substitute.