It’s the end of August here in Ohio – the nights are cooling off, tomatoes & peppers continue to produce fruit to no end, but you still have the itch to keep planting.
Luckily, there is still a ton of stuff you can plant!
Being in zone 5, our last frost date is approximately mid-October – that means we’ve got about 2 months to get growing! With ~60 days, you won’t have enough time for corn, potatoes, or tomatoes, but there are a few options.
- Arugula (rocket)
- Celery (mild winter climates)
- Coriander (Cilantro)
- Mustard greens
- Onions (bulbing)
- Onions (bunching–standard onions harvested before they form bulbs).
- Pak choi (Bok choy)
Below is a little more detailed cool-weather crop breakdown I got from Bonnie Plants:
Cool-weather crops are broken into 2 categories – Hardy & Semi-Hardy.
Hardy – can tolerate hard frost of 25-28°F. Collards, Kale, & Spinach can handle low 20s and teens in some cases! The beautiful thing about cool weather crops is that they are more flavorful when grown under these circumstances – you know this first-hand if you’ve ever had Spinach in the garden when temps hit 90-100!
- Brussels sprouts
- English peas
- Mustard greens
Semi-hardy – can tolerate 29-32°F
- Chinese cabbage
- Irish potatoes
- Lettuce and gourmet salad greens
- Swiss chard*
*Tastes better in winter, but will grow well through summer.
Grown in 60 days
|Arugula||30-40 days to harvest|
|Basil||35-45 days to harvest|
|Beet||50-65 days to harvest|
|Cabbage||50-65 days to harvest|
|55-75 days to harvest|
|Cilantro||60-75 days to harvest|
|Collards||55-60 days to harvest|
|55-65 days to harvest|
|Garlic||90-110 in ground all winter|
|Kale||45-60 days to harvest|
|Kohlrabi||55-65 days to harvest|
|Lettuce||45-60 days to harvest|
|Leek||85-105 in ground all winter|
|Mustard||30-50 days to harvest|
|Green bunching onion||55-60 days to harvest|
|Snap Peas||55-60 days to harvest|
|Radish||25-40 days to harvest|
|Spinach||37-50 days to harvest|
|Swiss Chard||50-60 days to harvest|
|Turnip||45-60 days to harvest|
Planting a garden at the end of the summer is something I enjoy for 2 reasons:
- Watching a whole new growing process from seed-to-salad or seed-to-sandwich is my favorite process in the world. It is so amazing that 1 tiny seed can turn into a meal, or part of a meal. Growth isn’t limited to spring if you know what to plant & when to plant it.
- A whole new batch of fresh veggies! I didn’t grow much other than Tomatoes, Jalapeños, and Habaneros this year so it’ll be nice to get fresh Spinach, Lettuce, Radishes & other salad-friendly veggies back in rotation.
First Fall Frost
As is noted above, most of these crops are somewhat frost-tolerant – some vegetables will even be more flavorful after the frost! But, if you are deep into October & fear a hard frost, or even a freeze, you may want to take some precautions if you want to extend your growing season even further.
Please let me know if you have any questions about starting your garden & I’ll be happy to help!